World food day Oct 16, 2020

World  Food Day is celebrated around the world today with a focus on food security. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations was established on October 16, 1945. However, the event was first celebrated in 1981. All we have to do in honor of this World Food Day is not to waste food.

If the cries of hunger are touching the sky …

And the piles of grain sinking in the warehouses

Keeping the incompetence of the rulers before the eyes.

This is the achievement of our independent India …

This situation is not only in our country but almost in the world

People in one-third of the countries are starving.

Inequalities are skyrocketing as if competing for the abyss.

Whether it is sub-Saharan Africa, Central India or Bangladesh …

Billionaires like any other country..BPL creatures living next door

Deficiencies in the system are being brought to the forefront.

Manishoi said that if there is food, there will be no meat. Now there are enough food grains for the population in the country. There are also sorghum farms. But the grain that reached the warehouse from the farm did not fill the stomachs with the poor with the inefficient policies of the rulers. What is the reason for this. Why did the majority of the people in independent India still suffer with Arthakali.

In a book titled Hunger and Public Action, Amartya Sen commented, “Poets describe our country as great … but in India, sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing extreme poverty, hunger, invisible hunger and starvation.” Suffice it to say, to say how much food scarcity is causing people in our country. 

Many social service organizations alert governments annually about food shortages in the country. Reports to governments on measures to be taken to prevent malnutrition. No matter how many reports are submitted and how many times warnings are issued, starvation deaths in the country are not stopping. Hunger deaths continue unabated in many states of the country.

 Hunger cries are heard in the country as governments introduce welfare schemes and abandon their implementation.

On the other hand, despite the piles of grain piled up in warehouses in the country, the Supreme Court has repeatedly lashed out at the negligence of the rulers in distributing them to the people. Many schemes have been introduced on food security in our country. Prominent among them is the Food Security Act introduced by the UPA government, which is expected to provide food security to many in the country, but nothing has changed due to lack of political integrity. More than half of the country’s population still does not have access to complete nutrition, according to the latest United Nations figures.

 In addition, our country was ranked 66th in the World Hunger Survey conducted in 88 countries around the world. It is a real shame that the rulers of our country are not annoyed by all these facts.

76% of the people in the country are suffering from malnutrition. It is unfortunate that 80 per cent of these people are rural. And 59 percent of pregnant women in the country suffer from severe anemia. 30% of babies are born with low birth weight.

It is a matter of concern that despite the introduction of more than fifty welfare schemes since the independence of the country, there has been no change in the number of starving victims. Many nutritional problems have been exacerbated by the non-enrollment of the Lunch Scheme and Comprehensive Child Welfare Schemes, especially those to be included in the Food Security Act.

Defects in the public distribution system have become a curse to the country. With a minimum support price, public distribution systems must meet two objectives. The first is to give farmers a higher price. The second is to feed the poor at affordable prices. 

Leaks in the distribution system and maintenance defects do not make public distribution accessible to the poor while the minimum support price reaches rich farmers. This is a waste of government spending on subsidies as well as the public distribution system. Eliminating brokerage systems between consumers and farmers can reduce costs. No one listens when economists say both can benefit.

And with the anti-democratic policies being implemented in all the developing countries of the world like India, the cries of the common people are rising. 

On the other hand, in rich countries like the United States and Europe, some communities are over-fed … while people in developing countries are suffering from obesity and starving to death.

The scene you just saw is of the La Tomato celebration in Spain.

Today you enjoy throwing tons of tomatoes. But on the other hand, in the continent of Africa below Europe, the world continues to ignore the fact that children are starving to death.

With the pro-capitalist policies being implemented around the world, the common people in the developing countries are moaning with hunger. In 2008, then-US President George W. Bush went on to say, “Indians are eating prices are going up.” In fact, about 70 percent of the crop produced in the United States is used to graze cattle. Nutrients such as oats, wheat, soybeans, carrots, and potatoes are used in American animal feed. Experts estimate that billions of people would starve if they exported at least US livestock to African countries.

All superpowers have a tendency to blame others for not being theirs. The fact that China and European countries are using farms in Africa to grow crops and not give them shares is really the culmination of superpower exploitation.

 It is somewhat surprising that top countries like America, which seafood milk in the name of stabilizing market rates with noodle policies, are teaching the world lessons on food security.

According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the FAO has the highest number of hungry people, especially in Asia. The report concluded. Thus, along with India, neighboring countries like Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka have the highest number of hungry people. 

The UN report reveals that people are suffering from starvation and even eating poisonous snakes. It also revealed that even in developed countries, half the problems are solved by the services provided by the governments there.

Hunger cries are heard all over the developed and developing countries. But the problem is most acute in developing countries. What changes need to be made in agriculture, which is the lifeblood of food production? What steps should be taken to get the world out of this hunger cry.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has recently revealed that the number of hungry people worldwide has crossed one billion.

With global population expected to reach 910 crore by 2050, agricultural production is expected to grow by 70 per cent to provide food for all. For this to be implemented, the farmer must first have income security. India is a country with the highest biodiversity. 

The month for enormous resources. However, the crisis in agriculture continues for a long time. Farmers do not incur any minimum investment costs under unfavorable conditions. Support prices are not so good. Farmers are falling into a state of ignorance of income mate. Some farmers are committing suicide under dire circumstances.

About 3.7 crore farmers have migrated to cities for other employment in the past seven years, according to Credit Rating. According to the 2011 census, 2,300 people live in agriculture every day. On the other hand, 84 per cent of the country is made up of small, lean farmers. If all of these are the most common economic situation. 

In particular, the government needs to strengthen the public distribution system that has eliminated the brokerage system. Without it, agriculture risks becoming a burden on farmers. The government should provide special measures and incentives to encourage food grains not to fall prey to commercial crops. 

Not only that, the farmer should have the decision-making power in the market. Only then will the farmer get welfare and the crop will be encouraged.

There is also a great need to purge the public distribution system. The existing strict regulations on storage and supply of food grains should be removed. If the quality of food grains increases then the right price will be available in the open market. The problem of high reserves in FCI should be controlled. Then only quality products will stand in the market and reach the consumers.

Different countries are implementing different strategies in food security. Especially countries like China – high-yielding new varieties, applying biotechnology. Designed for quality high yielding crops and serving to farmers. 

Establishing mostly agro-based industries. It provides electricity to every village, irrigation facilities, employment opportunities and provides additional income to the farmers. They are making cultivation profitable for the farmer by reducing costs. If such measures are implemented, production will increase and will be the backbone of distribution.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has suffocated as part of appropriate measures at a time when the number of global hunger victims is rising. It has declared October 16 as Food Day. Food Day has been celebrated in 160 countries around the world since 1981. Let us now look at its goal.

The main goal of Food Day is to get food for everyone. The United Nations celebrates this day every year with the main motto that there should not be a day when everyone eats or burns. 

This year is celebrating the 2014 Food Day with the motto of Family Farming: Land. In this context, the public distribution system needs to be strengthened. Fatigue accumulated in the public distribution system should be eliminated as food grains are depleted.

Experts estimate that each person needs 200 kg of food grains per capita. 145 kg was produced in the early days of independence. The nationalization of banks, land distribution and government investment in agriculture increased to 180 kg in the 1980s. 

The government and some economists are making absurd claims that the burden of subsidies will increase and that the deficit will rise if public associations demand that food grains that are languishing in warehouses be distributed free or cheaply through the public distribution system. But now there is a strong demand for the introduction of a universal food distribution system to provide food to all the people of the country. 

According to this, BPL and APL should provide food grains to all the people of the country irrespective of their differences. After extensive discussions, experts concluded that a public distribution system was the answer to food security.